dioscorea villosa vs dioscorea opposita
Dioscorea villosa is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). thwaitesii Prain & Burkill Dioscorea oppositifolia is a type of yam ( Dioscorea ) native to Myanmar ( Burma ) and to the Indian Subcontinent ( India , Sri Lanka , Bangladesh ). Dioscorea latifolia Benth. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). What are synonyms for Dioscorea opposita? 2 synonyms for Chinese yam: cinnamon vine, Dioscorea batata. More Accounts and Images; Flora of North America (DIOSC) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DIOSC) Kemper Center for Home Gardening (DIOSC) (# 9464, 9165), Dioscorea bulbifera L. (# 11609), Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. Dioscorea villosa: leaves with unlobed blades, lacking bulbils in the axils, and alternate in the distal portion of the stem, and plants with rhizomes (vs. D. polystachya, with leaves with 3- to 5-lobed blades, with bulbils in the axils, and usually opposite in the distal portion of the stem, and plants tuberous). Pharmacology: Constituents: The species considered to be yams are defined by their constituent, diosgenin.This saponin is present in species originating in North America or in Asia. View abstract. J Ren Nutr 2006;16(4):304-311. Rarely, also referred to as shǔyù (薯蕷). Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world.The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates. Dioscorea opposita Seedling in 4" Pot - Air Potato - Yamberries - Chinese Yam FloraNFaunaFarm. View abstract. The plant is not self-fertile. and bronchitis. It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Japanese name nagaimo. Find the perfect dioscorea villosa stock photo. The small white flowers smell of cinnamon.  Introduced to the United States as early as the 19th century for culinary and cultural uses, it is now considered an invasive plant species. A version of this formula has been used extensively world-wide; it is a proprietary product (pictured, below) of the Tianjin Lerentang Pharmaceutical Factory; however, several other factories produce slightly different formulations under the same name. Aumsuwan P, Khan SI, Khan IA, et al. There are two main botanical sources: one with Latin name Dioscorea villosa is from North America (mainly from Mexico) while the other with Latin name dioscorea oppositifolia( or Dioscorea opposita) is … A detailed look at the life cycle of Wild yam (Dioscorea villosa). It is smaller than the African yam. Shanyao is used extensively in formulas for tonifying the kidney, often combined with rehmannia and cornus for that purpose. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Araghiniknam M, Chung S, Nelson-White T, and et al. Antidiabetic effects of Carassius auratus complex formula in high fat diet combined streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice ex Griseb. It does not have the function of clearing heat, but it is able to separate dampness from heat and separate the clean part of water from the turbid part and it is good at eliminating dampness. Dioscorea: (dī″ō-skŏr′ē-ă) [NL] A genus of yams, a potato-like root vegetable used in many cultures as a source of dietary carbohydrates. Dioscorea villosa  är en enhjärtbladig växtart som beskrevs av Carl von Linné. by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon, There are several herbs derived from species of Dioscorea used in Chinese herb formulas, though only two are used with some frequency. Dioscorea villosa is one of the species of yam referred to as ‘wild yam’.. Dioscorea villosa has been claimed to alleviate symptoms of menopause, but there is currently no evidence to support this effect.. Ask a Question. Wild yam is an herbal extract native to North America, Mexico and China with active ingredient diosgenin. Dioscorea opposita, Thunb., nom. View abstract. Dioscorea villosa ingår i släktet Dioscorea och familjen Dioscoreaceae. Pharmacology: Constituents: The species considered to be yams are defined by their constituent, diosgenin.This saponin is present in species originating in North America or in Asia. Dioscorea opposita may balance the yin and tone the qi within the kidneys. Diosgenin is used as a raw material for pharmaceutical production of steroidal hormones; however, the hormonal activity of the natural compounds is quite weak. 95 ($11.48/Fl Oz) $4.95 shipping. (# 9462, 9166, 11612), Dioscorea rotundata Poir. "mountain medicine from Huai", i.e. Chinese yam: Dioscorea polystachya, Invasive Plant Atlas: [[email protected]] PLEASE do not plant this vine! Dioscorea violacea Baudon.  Or the yam is first grated crudely using an oroshigane grater, and subsequently worked into a smoother paste in the suribachi using a wooden pestle. Dioscorea Opposita is the Chinese wild yam which can be eaten raw. , Originated from Jiaozuo (焦作), previously known as "Huai Qing Fu (怀庆俯)", Xu, Dermatology in Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2004, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Forest Invasive Plants of the Northeastern Area - Chinese Yam or Cinnamon Vine", Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, entry for, "Yamatoimo no tentō ni okeru shōhisha no sentaku yōin", "The Taste of Japan: The Story of Grated Yam Dishes", "Jōyo manjū no kawa no reōrojī-teki seishitsu", "Intra-specific ploidy variations in cultivated Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. The main active constituents in rehmannia and cornus are iridoid glycosides (see typical structure, below) which have numerous potential benefits, including reducing liver inflammation, lowering blood sugar, protecting the retina, and alleviating menopausal conditions, such as hot flashes and osteoporosis. A wide variety of dioscorea villosa extract options are available to … , The tororo is mixed with other ingredients that typically include tsuyu broth (soy sauce and dashi), sometimes wasabi or green onions, and eaten over rice or mugimeshi [ja] (steam-cooked blend of rice and barley). It was introduced in Europe in the 19 th century when the potato crop was affected by disease. These images can help to accurately identify the plant during different seasons of the year. In Vietnam, the yam is called củ mài or khoai mài. Common Name: Aerial Yam. Ze dragen kleine groepen naar kaneel geurende, witte bloemen in de oksels. Dioscorea villosa: leaves with unlobed blades, lacking bulbils in the axils, and alternate in the distal portion of the stem, and plants with rhizomes (vs. D. polystachya, with leaves with 3- to 5-lobed blades, with bulbils in the axils, and usually opposite in the distal portion of the stem, and plants tuberous). raw, steamed or deep-fried. It is in flower from September to October. Since Asian people prefer it a lot, it is still grown in France and sold to the Asia market. This formula is aimed at warming up the kidney (the three other herbs are all warming), clearing away turbidity, and removing dampness. Both of those herbs help to treat damp accumulation and heat. , This plant originating in China now grows throughout East Asia (Japan, Korea, Kuril Islands, Philippines, Vietnam). Chuanshanlong: obtained from Dioscorea nipponica; it is used to vitalize blood and relax tendons, promote fluid metabolism, and disperse phlegm. . Huai Qing Fu (怀庆俯) region). When this yam is processed to become a medicine, the yam is called hoài sơn or tỳ giải. Acorus (shichangpu) is often used for clearing the phlegm-mist type of turbidity that affects mental function, but is also used for turbidity elsewhere. Dioscorea cayenensis, ... Dioscorea villosa, Smilax, Convolvulus arvensis. It grows wild from Rhode Island to Florida and Texas and has the characteristic highly ornamental heart-shaped leaves and vining habit. Clarity (as in the "clean part") is a concept that is applied to fluid essences, including moisture, phlegm, and qi (there is a description of "clear yang" rising to the head, an essence that aids mental processes, and this refers to the yang aspect of qi). An Ayurvedic herb, saraca (see: Excessive uterine bleeding), is also helpful for this purpose. It is smaller than the African yam. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Dioscorea villosa , the wild yam, is used as a source of topically applied cosmetics and plant-derived steroids. This is in the yam family, and the herb is sometimes simply referred to as "Chinese yam.". Plant materials. The ichōimo (銀杏芋) 'ginkgo-leaf yam' bears a flat, palmate shape, and the tsukune imo (つくね芋) 'meatball yam' is round or globular. There are approx. The plant is not self-fertile. Dioscorea pulchella Roxb. Hamilton. It has the properties of eliminating excess water and promoting a mild sedative effect. The leaves are usually alternate and simple. The other Chinese herbs relying on species of Dioscorea are used far less often. The health benefits of Dioscorea are many including benefits in rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism, cramps and intermittent claudication, cholecystitis, dysmenorrhoea, ovarian and uterine pain. Bixie is particularly used for treating cloudy urine or a large amount of leukorrhea due to dampness accumulation in the lower burner. It also has a slightly astringent property which is helpful for stopping diarrhea. (#11614), tubers of Dioscorea quaternata Walter (#11616), Dioscorea spp. Legal Status. In Korea, there are two main types of Chinese yam: The straight, tube-shaped variant is called jangma (장마 - "long ma"), while danma (단마 - "short ma") refers to the variant, which grows shorter, cluster-like tubes. , First the skin needs to be removed by peeling (or by scraping off using a hard-bristled brush). Qianjin Zhidai Wan is a well-known product used in China to tonify and warm the kidney and spleen while clearing heat and restraining leakage. They are most commonly consumed raw, after the skinned roots have been blended with water, milk or yogurt (occasionally with additional honey) to create a nourishing drink known as majeup (마즙) or "ma juice" (마주스). Between 7 and 9 months of replanting Chinese yam tubers, their leaves start to get dry (a common fact in plants that grow tubers): that indicates that the tubers are ready for harvest. . Although not mentioned in the description here by Yang, bixie is also used in the treatment of wind-damp syndrome, especially for rheumatoid arthritis. Dioscorea oppositifolia Campbell. In Chinese it is known as huáishān (怀(淮)山), shānyào (山药, 山藥) (lit. Dioscorea heterophylla Roxb. They twine clockwise. Like rehmannia, dioscorea nourishes yin; like cornus, it is an essence astringent.